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八上集体备课Moudule 2 Friendship

【字体: 】 【编辑日期:2010/4/28】 【编辑/来源:管理员】 【阅读:

 

一、总结宾语从句:
(一)由wether /if 引导的宾语从句
如果大家想要表达一个不确定的概念,比如说“记不清、不知道、想知道”等等,就要用whether/if 表示。从句后面还有or not 的话,一般要选用whether, 构成
whether ….or not的结构。
1.      Do you know if Sally Maxwell has arrived?
2.      Can I ask you if you miss the UK?
3.      I asked your secretary whether she could come or not.
练习:
1.他问我是否有空。
He asks me _____________________.
2Is the post office over there ? He wanted to know. 合并成含有宾语从句的复合句子
_______________________________________________________________
 
( )that 引导的宾语从句
当谓语表示肯定的概念时,如“希翼、相信、知道、说”其后面的句子一一般用that引导。
1.I’ve heard that you play in your school orchestra.
2.I know that foreigners find China very different from their own countries.
练习: It is good to do morning exercise . I think.合并成含有宾语从句的复合句子
­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­_______________________________________________________________
 
()由疑问代词where /who/how/when/why引导的宾语从句
1.Can you tell me where you are from?
2.I don’t know who will come.
注意:在疑问词引导的宾语从句中,一定要用陈述句语序
练习:选择填空
   1 Miss Green didn’t tell us ___ in 2002.
A where does she live B where did she live C where she lives D where she lived
   2 I want to know _____ the day after tomorrow.
A what he will do B what he did C what will he do D what did he do
   3 I’d like to know _________
A when will he give back the book B whether has he received higher education
C that she has been busy          D whether she will join in our English evening
   4I want to know ____ do to help them.
A what can I B what I can C how I can D how can I
   5The teacher asked Jim ____ he was late for school again.
A why B when C where D how
   6 A :Who knows _____ he is ? B: They say he is much better these days.
A what B who C how D where
   7 Could you tell me ____ we will have the picnic this weekend?
A that B when C what D where
   8 I don’t know ____ he still lives there.
A where B what C when D whether
翻译
1我知道他是谁。
I know ___________________________.
2 李鹏想知道图书馆在哪儿?
Li Peng wanted to know _________________________.
 
()宾语从句的否定要前置
Eg: I think. He isn’t right.构成宾语从句I don’t think he is right.
练习:
我认为你的答案不对
I ______________ your answer is right.
2   He is so busy . I ___ he ___ time to play with you.
A think, hasn’t B don’t think , has C think, has D don’t think; doesn’t has
3 I think it is going to rain.变成否定句
_____________________________________________________________
 
() 宾语从句中要注意人称和时态
Eg: 把下列句子合并成含有宾语从句的复合句子
Tom asked me, “ How can  I get on well with my classmate?” ­­­­­
Tom asked me    how  he could get on well with his classmate.
练习:The children asked their mother, “Can we eat those apples?”
The children asked their mother _____________eat those apples.
() 如果宾语从句说的内容是真理就一定用一般现在时。
Our teacher told us the earth _goes_ round the sun.
二.重点和难点
1 look for 寻找
2 find out找出
3What does it feel like to be at school in China?
在中国上学感觉如何?
4at first 起初
5 take a long time 花费很长时间
6come over 过来
7I’m afraid that you have the wrong number.  
be afraid +that 从句
8 move to 搬到
9 enjoy doing sth喜欢做某事

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